What are the Ingredients in Vape Juice?

A vaping device must be filled in with vape juice to supply nicotine and produce generous amounts of clouds. So, what you vape is essentially the vapor extracted from the vape juice or e-liquid. 

Now, the question arises—what are you ingesting exactly in such a large amount? What are the ingredients in a vape juice? 

Four key ingredients that make up a vape juice: vegetable glycerin (VG), propylene glycol (PG), flavoring, and nicotine. The concentration levels of these ingredients affect how a vape juice performs. 

Continue reading to learn more.

The 4 Key Ingredients of Vape Juice

1. Vegetable Glycerin (VG)

Identified as VG in short, vegetable glycerin is a thick, odorless liquid that is usually extracted from palm trees or soybeans. In some cases, it is also derived from animal fat. 

Contrary to popular belief, VG is in, no way, connected to vegetable oil. Although this ingredient has been passed off as “safe for consumption” by the FDA, the long-term health effects of ingesting this ingredient are not yet fully discovered.  

Why do vape juice manufacturers use this?

If you read the labels off of products regularly, you will be familiar with VG. After all, it is used in numerous products ranging from skin creams, shampoo, and deodorant to food products such as yogurt, cheese, and baked goods. 

Vegetable glycerin is used in vape juices primarily for its ability to help produce large clouds of vapor. A vape juice that has a higher concentrated level of VG is sought after by cloud chasers and those who enjoy sub-ohm vaping

VG is also known for leaving a slightly sweet aftertaste. Additionally, VG helps the vape juice give off a soft and smooth throat hit. 

However, the thickness of VG can be harsh on the coils. You will have higher chances of experiencing dry hits with a Max VG vape juice. 

Also, know that e-juices with higher VG blend aren’t as flavorful as e-juices with higher PG blend. Why? Read further. 

2. Propylene Glycol (PG)

Propylene glycol is another essential ingredient of vape juice and like VG, it is also an odorless liquid. PG is extracted from petroleum and has a similar texture to syrup. 

Often misidentified as the harmful chemical, ethylene glycol, PG has passed the safety tests conducted by the FDA and is fairly safe for consuming. However, extensive research has yet to provide conclusive reports of its health effects in the long run. 

Why do vape juice manufacturers use this?

In general cases, manufacturers of food and cosmetic products use this ingredient for its ability to retain moisture. However, vape juice manufacturers utilize propylene glycol to carry the flavors of the vape juice. 

With a higher concentrated level of PG in your vape juice, you can expect the vape juice to boast of sharper, more flavorful hits. Also, a vape juice with a higher PG blend tends to have a stronger throat hit and is thus able to mimic the sensation of smoking a cigarette. 

Unfortunately, stronger throat hits can also result in a sore throat. So, be careful when picking a vape juice with a higher PG ratio.

Since PG isn’t as thick as VG, vape juices with a higher PG mix are usually easy on the coils and easy to clean.

3. Flavorings

Without proper flavoring concentrates added to the vape juice, you wouldn’t get the taste of your favorite cereal, fruit, or drink in your vape juice. 

Vape juice manufacturers usually use blends of natural and artificial flavoring as flavoring concentrates. Oil-related flavorings aren’t used in vape juices. 

If you purchase a vape juice of a revered brand, there are higher chances that the flavorings have been deemed safe for consumption by FEMA (Flavor Extracts Manufacturers Association). Therefore, only purchase from recognized brands, outlets, and online stores. 

Regrettably, there are vape juices that use small amounts of toxic chemical compounds such as acetoin, diacetyl, and acetyl propionyl. 

On the bright side, the presence of these toxins in vape juices is 10 to 100 times less than in cigarettes. That is why vaping devices are considered as the much safer, healthier cousins of cigarettes. 

In the grand scheme of things, flavoring concentrates don’t exceed more than 10% of the total vape juice content. 

4. Nicotine

Part of the reason many people transition from smoking to vaping is to smoke less nicotine content. 

Many consider nicotine as one of the root causes of cancer; however, there are no conclusive scientific reports to back that. It is actually the tar and other harmful additives in cigarettes that are found to carry carcinogenic properties. 

Nicotine is a highly addictive alkaloid that consists of nitrogen derived from many types of plants of the nightshade family, particularly tobacco plants. 

It is used in vape juices to make people less reliant on nicotine. Vape juices are available in a wide range of concentrated levels of nicotine including 3mg, 6mg, 12mg, and even as high as 36mg. 

Heavy smokers usually opt for higher nicotine strength vape juices and work their way down as they become less reliant on nicotine.   

There are two things you need to know when determining the nicotine strength you wish to go with. 

  • Vape juices that contain higher nicotine levels produce sharper throat hits, resulting in your vape hitting harsh. Such juices can also make the flavors taste harsher. 
  • To combat the stress of harsh throat hits, many manufacturers have started using nicotine salts. This ingredient allows vapers to enjoy higher nicotine strength vape juices without having to worry about harsh taste; since nic salts are smoother, vapers also have fewer chances of suffering from a sore throat. 

If you don’t wish to ingest nicotine at all, there are 0mg nicotine e-liquids available as well. 

Wrap Up

Just because a vaping device is a safer alternative to smoking cigarettes doesn’t mean that you need to vape every second of the day. Vape sparingly and only to combat your withdrawal symptoms.